Ramie, also known as Chinese grass, is famous for its long fiber linen, good toughness, wear-resistant, deodorant and bactericidal quality. Mention ramie, folk spread "China to see Hubei, Hubei to see Xianning". Xian'an District, once known as the hometown of ramie in China, was once very popular in the 80s and 90s of last century. It has planted more than 5 acres of plants, and has developed many kinds of hemp textile enterprises such as Shuang Xi hemp spinning, Tianhua hemp industry, and Silver Spring Textile. It has sold more than 10 yuan a kilogram of dry linen. Later, due to the market impact, in the doldrums, the area of seed crops has shrunk considerably, less than 2000 mu.
In recent years, Xian'an attaches great importance to the development of ramie industry, and breaks through ice by means of policy support, enterprise guidance, technical training and scale planting. Now, enter the Xian'an, more than 6000 mu of ramie base, Ma Lang fragrance. Factories and enterprises are booming.
The development base, the field also heard the fragrance of linen.
Chopping, beating leaves, feeding, accompanied by a burst of sound and smoke dispersing, 3, 4, 2 meters long ramie were fed into the small machinery of half man high by the villagers. With the splash of the stick, the long green fibers peeling off were peeled. On the morning of May 28th, the reporters saw a scene of villagers receiving ramie in a ramie base in Makou town.
"Old age, can not go out to work, do things at home, there are 30 thousand yuan a year income." 6 years old Zou Mingman, 74 years old, said happily that he could earn 100 yuan a day with great satisfaction.
Into the green ramie base, 2 meters tall ramie branches luxuriant, growing gratifying, the villagers are collecting ma. The knives that cut the linen will fall down, and the blade will fall to the leaves; and the linen will come into the skin, and many people will cooperate with each other in a coherent manner.
"The hemp skin is slightly darkened until it gets dark, otherwise the last fiber will not grow, and it will be wasted. If the head is broken, it will increase if it grows big; the harvest will be three in one year, and two in a year, and three in the frost. " Speaking of the technology of collecting seeds and numbness, Li Dawei, director of the tea and hemp Bureau of the agricultural and rural Bureau of the region, began to talk about the essentials, and also demonstrated the skills of hand peeling on the spot.
It turned out that the planting of 756 mu of ramie base in MUN Qiao town was invested by Cai Dan over 100 yuan last year. This year, Cai Dan, 52 years old, started working in Zhejiang and went home to start his own business.
"Ramie grows very well and dally for 2 meters. In order to harvest in time, it has invested more than 4 yuan to buy 7 punching machines. It has self feeding and semi self feeding. It not only saves labor, but also improves efficiency." Cai Dan said that the government subsidized 400 yuan per mu, and the seedlings were provided by the government in concentrated education. The support was very strong and full of confidence in the development prospects.
Yu Dahua, the two group of three bridge villages in Shuang Xi Bridge, is the beneficiary of seed breeding. "MAH Miao was sent free of charge by the District Agriculture Bureau. Last year, the district government issued a subsidy of 40 thousand yuan, and the essence Textile Group also gave me 3 punching machines free of charge." Yu Dahua said that once he became rich by planting seeds, he recovered his old business in 2018, and had planted more than 80 mu. In the first quarter, he sold more than 40 thousand yuan.
Polish the brand and make a big article.
How to polish the brand and regain the former glory of ramie? From the superstructure to the common people, Xian'an district is working together to explore the practice.
Over the past few days, Li Wenbo, Secretary of the district Party committee, has repeatedly visited the workshop of urban and rural textile enterprises in the field of promoting the "six big activities" of Xian'an high quality development, "bigger and stronger linen textile industry and creating tens of billions of industrial clusters".
The reporter learned from the agricultural and rural Bureau of the region that the amount of hemp used in Xian'an textile group can reach 10 thousand tons per year. At present, the production of 1600 tons is only 1600 tons, and the prospect of ramie production is broad. Increasing production can solve the problem of insufficient raw materials for production, and no longer need to purchase from outside Sichuan or Hunan, so as to save the production cost of enterprises.
"In order to ensure the supply of raw materials for local enterprises, Xian'an district has formulated a plan to develop 30 thousand mu of ramie in the whole 5 years, according to the average yield of 400 kg of Ma per mu, and the average price of the market is 9 yuan / kg. The cost of removing agricultural products is more cost-effective than planting other crops." Li Dawei, who has just returned from Hanshou and Yuanjiang in Hunan to study ramie, introduced that in order to improve the yield and quality of ramie, in addition to raising the planting area, it also had to cultivate good varieties (such as Zhong LAN No. 1, Hua ramie 4, Xiang 3 3) with high yield.
In order to stimulate farmers' enthusiasm for planting seeds, Xian'an district produces 4 million yuan annually to develop ramie industry, of which more than 160 yuan is used for the cultivation of ramie seedlings, and is distributed free of charge to linen farmers. At the same time, it is subsidized to farmers of seeds by the standard of 400 yuan per mu. Through the demonstration of large households, the mode of ramie planting will be expanded and the mechanical harvest and hemp technology will be expanded to reduce labor intensity and production costs. The protection price acquisition policy will be adopted to ensure the income and enthusiasm of Ma farmers. The two international and domestic markets should be coordinated to improve the market share and risk resistance ability of the products, so as to closely link the interests between the enterprises and the farmers and establish a long-term stable ramie quality. Raw material supply base.
"We need to explore ways to polish the brand of" ramie town "again, and to create ideas and Countermeasures for the whole industry chain from planting, spinning, weaving, printing and dyeing, clothing, sales, display and scientific research. District Secretary Li Wenbo said that we should innovate ways and means, promote industrial investment, extend ramie industry chain, make up the short board of Xian'an ramie industry, improve the upstream and downstream industries, plan the integration and development of the 123 industry of linen textile industry, create the growth pole of characteristic industries, and strive to build the distribution center of the planting, processing, production and exhibition of ramie industry in the whole country and even the whole world.
A ramie industrial development article is turning a new leaf in Xian'an. (Xianning daily all media special correspondent Hu Jianfang)